Appendice:Inglese/Verbi irregolari

Da Wikizionario, il dizionario a contenuto aperto.

La seguente è una tabella di verbi inglesi irregolari.

infinito (simple form/infinitive) passato semplice (past tense/simple past) participio passato (past participle) Note
1 abide abided/abode abided/abode Forte, classe 1
2 arise arose arisen Forte, classe 1
3 awake awoke / awaked awoken / awaked Forte, classe 6
4 be was, were been Suppletive. See: Indo-European copula.
5 bear bore born (nato) /
borne (trasportato)
Forte, classe 4
6 beat beat beaten / beat Forte, classe 7
7 become became become Forte, classe 4
8 befall befell befallen Forte, classe 7
9 beget begot / begat (arcaico) begot / begotten
10 begin began begun Forte, classe 3
11 behold beheld beheld Forte, classe 7
12 bend bent bent Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
13 bereave bereaved / bereft bereaved / bereft Forte, classe 6
14 beseech besought / beseeched besought / beseeched Debole, con Rückumlaut e "Germanic spirant law"
15 beset beset beset Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
16 bespeak bespoke bespoke / bespoken
17 bestrew bestrewed bestrewed / bestrewn
18 bet bet / betted bet / betted Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
19 betake betook betaken
20 bethink bethought bethought
21 bid (all'asta) bid bid Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
22 bid (salutare / richiedere / dire) bade / bid bade / bidden / bid Forte, classe 5
23 bide bode / bided bode / bided Forte, classe 1
24 bind bound bound Forte, classe 3
25 bite bit bitten / bit Forte, classe 1
26 bleed bled bled Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
27 blend blent UK / blended blended
28 bless blest / blessed blest / blessed
29 blow blew blown Forte, classe 7
30 break broke broken Forte, classe 4
31 breastfeed breastfed breastfed
32 breed bred bred Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
33 bring brought brought Debole, con Rückumlaut e "Germanic spirant law"
34 broadcast broadcast broadcast Debole
35 browbeat browbeat browbeat / browbeaten Forte, classe 7
36 build built built Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
37 burn burnt / burned burnt / burned Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
38 burst burst burst Forte, classe 3
39 bust busted / bust busted / bust
40 buy bought bought Debole, con Rückumlaut e "Germanic spirant law"
41 can could been able to Preterite-present; defective
42 cast cast cast Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
43 catch caught caught Debole - a French loanword conjugated perhaps by analogy with teach-taught
44 chide chid / chided chid / chidden Forte, classe 5
45 choose chose chosen Forte, classe 2
46 cleave (spaccare) clove cloven Forte, classe 2
47 cleave (aderire) cleft / cleaved cleft / cleaved Debole, con "vowel reduction"
48 cling clung clung Forte, classe 3
49 colorbreed colorbred colorbred
50 come came come Forte, classe 4
51 cost (intransitivo: essere prezzato) cost cost Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
52 creep crept crept Forte, classe 2
53 crow crowed / crew (archaic) crowed / crew (archaic)
54 cut cut cut Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
55 deal dealt dealt Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
56 dig dug dug
57 dive dived, US dove dived, US dove Forte, classe 2
58 do (irregular 3a sing.: does [dʌz]) did done Reduplication with p.p. springing from OE "gedon"
59 draw drew drawn Forte, classe 6
60 dream dreamt / dreamed dreamt / dreamed Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
61 drink drank drunk Forte, classe 3
62 drive drove driven Forte, classe 1
63 dwell dwelt / dwelled dwelt / dwelled Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
64 eat ate eaten Forte, classe 5
65 enwind enwound enwound
66 fall fell fallen Forte, classe 7
67 feed fed fed Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
68 feel felt felt Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
69 fight fought fought Forte, classe 3
70 find found found Forte, classe 3
71 fit (tutti i significati eccetto cucire/adattare) fit fit Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
72 fit (cucire, adattare) fit / fitted fit / fitted
73 flee fled fled Debole, con "vowel reduction"
74 fling flung flung Forte, classe 3
75 fly flew / flied (baseball) flown / flied (baseball) Forte, classe 2
76 forbear forbore forborne
77 forbid forbade / forbid forbidden / forbid Forte, classe 5
78 forecast forecast / UK forecasted forecast / UK forecasted Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
79 forego forewent foregone Suppletive: See Go (verb).
80 forefeel forefelt forefelt
81 foreknow foreknew foreknown
82 forerun foreran forerun
83 foresee foresaw foreseen Forte, classe 5
84 foreshow foreshowed foreshown / foreshowed
85 forespeak forespoke forespoken
86 foretell foretold foretold Debole, con Rückumlaut
87 forget forgot forgotten / forgot Forte, classe 5
89 forgive forgave forgiven Forte, classe 5
90 forgo forwent forgone Supplitive: See Go (verb).
91 forsake forsook forsaken Forte, classe 6
92 forswear forswore forsworn
93 freeze froze frozen Forte, classe 2
94 get got got / US gotten Forte, classe 5
95 ghostwrite ghostwrote ghostwritten
96 gild gilt / gilded gilt / gilded
97 give gave given Forte, classe 5
98 go went gone Supplitive: See Go (verb).
99 grave (scolpire) graved graven / graved
100 grind (tutti i significati escluso danzare) ground ground
101 grow grew grown Forte, classe 7
102 hagride hagrode hagridden
103 handwrite handwrote handwritten
104 hang (essere sospesi, galleggiare nell'aria) hung hung Preterite-present strong preterit comes from the old p.p.
105 have (irregular 3a sing.: has) had had
106 hear heard heard Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
107 heave (termine nautico) heaved / hove heaved / hove
108 hew hewed hewn Forte, classe 7
109 hide hid hidden
110 hit hit hit Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
111 hold held held Forte, classe 7
112 housesit housesat housesat
113 hurt hurt hurt Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
114 input input / inputted input / inputted Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
115 inset inset inset Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
116 interbreed interbred interbred Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
117 interweave interwove interwoven Forte, classe 7
118 keep kept kept Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
119 ken kenned / kent kenned / kent
120 kneel knelt / US kneeled knelt / US kneeled Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
121 knit knit / knitted knit / knitted Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
122 know knew known Forte, classe 7
123 lay (to put, to place; transitive) laid laid Debole, irregolare solo nello spelling
124 lead led led Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
125 lean leaned / UK, leant leaned / UK leant Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
126 leap leapt / leaped leapt / leaped Forte, classe 7
127 learn learned / UK learnt learned / UK learnt Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
128 leave left left Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
129 lend lent lent Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
130 let let let Forte, classe 7
131 lie (mettere qualcuno orizzontalmente; intransitivo) lay lain Forte, classe 5
132 light lit / lighted lit / lighted Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
133 lip-read lip-read lip-read
134 lose lost lost Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
135 make made made Debole
136 may might (nessuno) Preterite-present; defective
137 mean meant meant Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
138 meet met met Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
139 miscast miscast miscast
140 mishear misheard misheard Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
141 mislay mislaid mislaid Debole, irregolare solo nello spelling
142 mislead misled misled Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
143 misread misread misread Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
144 misspell misspelled / UK misspelt misspelled / UK misspelt Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
145 mistake mistook mistaken Forte, classe 6
146 misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood Forte, classe 6
147 mow mowed mown / US mowed Forte, classe 7
148 outbid outbid outbid / outbidden Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
149 outdo outdid outdone
150 outgrow outgrew outgrown Forte, classe 7
151 outrun outran outrun Forte, classe 3
152 outsell outsold outsold Debole, con Rückumlaut
153 overcast overcast overcast Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
154 overcome overcame overcome Forte, classe 4
155 overdo overdid overdone
156 overdraw overdrew overdrawn Forte, classe 6
157 overeat overate overeaten Forte, classe 5
158 overhang overhung overhung Preterite-present
159 overhear overheard overheard Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
160 overlay overlaid overlaid Debole, irregolare solo nello spelling
161 overlie overlay overlain Forte, classe 5
162 overpay overpaid overpaid Debole, irregolare solo nello spelling
163 override overrode overridden Forte, classe 1
164 overrun overran overrun Forte, classe 3
165 oversee oversaw overseen Forte, classe 5
166 oversell oversold oversold Debole, con Rückumlaut
167 overshoot overshot overshot Forte, classe 2
168 oversleep overslept overslept Forte, classe 7
169 overtake overtook overtaken Forte, classe 6
170 overthrow overthrew overthrown Forte, classe 7
171 panic panicked panicked
172 partake partook partaken Forte, classe 6
173 pay paid paid Debole, irregolare solo nello spelling
174 pen (rinchiudere) penned / pent penned / pent
175 picnic picknicked picknicked
176 plead pled / pleaded pled / pleaded Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
177 pre-set pre-set pre-set
178 proofread proofread proofread Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
179 prove proved / prove proved / US proven borrowed French verb
180 put put put Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
181 quit quit (tutti gli altri sensi)/ quitted (lasciare una stanza) quit (tutti gli altri sensi) / quitted (lasciare una stanza) Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
182 read read (IPA: /red/, souna come "red") read (IPA: /red/, suona come "red") Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
183 reave reft / rove reft / reaven Forte, classe 6
184 rebind rebound rebound
185 rebuild rebuilt rebuilt Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
186 recast recast recast Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
187 redo redid redone
188 re-lay re-laid re-laid Debole, irregolare solo nello spelling
189 remake remade remade Debole
190 rend rent / US rended rent / US rended
191 repay repaid repaid Debole, irregolare solo nello spelling
192 rerun reran rerun Forte, classe 3
193 resell resold resold Debole, con Rückumlaut
194 reset reset reset Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
195 rethink rethought rethought Debole, con Rückumlaut e "Germanic spirant law"
196 rewind rewound rewound
197 rewrite rewrote rewritten Forte, classe 1
198 rid rid / ridded rid / ridded
199 ride rode ridden Forte, classe 1
200 ring rang rung Forte, classe 3
201 rise rose risen Forte, classe 1
202 rive rived / rove rived / riven Forte, classe 1
203 run ran run Forte, classe 3
204 saw sawed sawed / sawn
205 say (irregulare 3a sing.: says [sɛz]) said said Debole
206 see saw seen Forte, classe 5
207 seek sought sought Debole, con Rückumlaut e "Germanic spirant law"
208 sell sold sold Debole, con Rückumlaut
209 send sent sent Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
210 set set set Debole
211 sew sewed sewn / sewed
212 shake shook shaken Forte, classe 6
213 shall should (nessuno) Preterite-present; defective; see also Shall and will
214 shave shaved / shove shaved / shaven Forte, classe 6
215 shear shore / sheared shorn / sheared Forte, classe 4
216 shed shed shed Forte, classe 7
217 shine shone (tutti i significati eccetto lucidare)/ shined shone (tutti i significati eccetto lucidare)/ shined Forte, classe 1
218 shit shitted / shit / shat shitted / shit / shat Forte, classe 1
210 shite shit / shat / shited shit / shat / shited Forte, classe 1
220 shoe shoed / shod shoed / shod Debole, con "vowel reduction"
221 shoot shot shot Forte, classe 2
222 show showed shown / showed
223 shrink shrank / US shrunk shrunk / US shrunken Forte, classe 3
224 shrive shrove / shrived shriven
225 shut shut shut Debole
226 sing sang sung Forte, classe 3
227 sink sank sunk Forte, classe 3
228 sit sat sat / sitten / setten Forte, classe 5
229 slay slew / slayed slain / slayed Forte, classe 6
230 sleep slept slept Forte, classe 7
231 slide slid slid Forte, classe 1
232 sling slung / slang slung Forte, classe 3
233 slink slunk / slinked slunk / slinked Forte, classe 3
234 slit slit slit Forte, classe 1
235 smell smelled US / smelt smelled US / smelt Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
236 smite smote smitten / smote Forte, classe 1
237 sneak sneaked / snuck US sneaked / snuck US
238 sow sowed sowed / sown Forte, classe 7
239 speak spoke spoken Forte, classe 5
240 speed sped / US speeded sped / US speeded Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
241 spell spelled US / spelt spelled US / spelt Debole
242 spend spent spent Debole
243 spill spilled / spilt spilled / spilt Debole
244 spin spun / inglese australiano span spun Forte, classe 3
245 spit spat / US spit spat / US spit
246 split split split Debole
247 spoil spoiled / spoilt spoiled / spoilt Debole
248 spoon-feed spoon-fed spoon-fed
249 spread spread spread Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
250 spring sprang / US sprung sprung Forte, classe 3
251 stand stood stood Forte, classe 6
252 steal stole stolen Forte, classe 4
253 stick stuck stuck
254 sting stung stung Forte, classe 3
255 stink stank / stunk stunk Forte, classe 3
256 strew strewed strewn / strewed
257 stride strode stridden Forte, classe 1
258 strike (eliminare) struck stricken
259 strike (colpire) struck struck / stricken
260 string strung strung Debole, con sviluppo naturale di forma Forte intransitiva
261 strive strove / strived striven / strived Forte, classe 1
262 swear swore sworn Forte, classe 6
263 sweat sweat / sweated sweat / sweated
264 sweep swept swept Debole, con "vowel reduction" e "assimilation of dentals"
265 swell swelled swollen / swelled Forte, classe 3
266 swim swam swum Forte, classe 3
267 swing swung swung Forte, classe 3
268 take took taken Forte, classe 6
269 teach taught taught Debole, con Rückumlaut e "Germanic spirant law"
270 tear tore torn Forte, classe 4
271 tell told told Debole, con Rückumlaut
272 think thought thought Debole, con Rückumlaut e "Germanic spirant law"
273 thrive thrived / US throve thrived / US thriven Forte, classe 1
274 throw threw thrown Forte, classe 7
275 thrust thrust thrust
276 tread trod trodden / trod Forte, classe 5
277 unbind unbound unbound Forte, classe 3
278 undergo underwent undergone
279 underlie underlay underlain Forte, classe 5
280 understand understood understood Forte, classe 6
281 undertake undertook undertaken Forte, classe 6
282 underwrite underwrote underwritten Forte, classe 1
283 undo undid undone
284 unwind unwound unwound Forte, classe 3
285 uphold upheld upheld Forte, classe 7
286 upset upset upset Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
287 wake woke / waked woken / waked Forte, classe 6
288 waylay waylaid waylaid Debole, irregolare solo nello spelling
289 wear wore worn
290 weave wove woven Forte, classe 7
291 wed wed / wedded wed / wedded Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
292 weep wept wept Forte, classe 7
293 wend went (arcaico) went (arcaico)
294 wet wet / wetted wet / wetted Debole, con "assimilation of dentals"
295 will (eccetto come verbo transitivo) would (nessuno) Preterite-present; defective; see also Shall and will
296 win won won Forte, classe 3
297 wind wound wound Forte, classe 3
298 withdraw withdrew withdrawn Forte, classe 6
299 withhold withheld withheld Forte, classe 7
300 withstand withstood withstood Forte, classe 6
301 work (transitivo) worked /
wrought (raro / arcaico)
worked /
wrought (raro / arcaico)
Debole
302 wring wrung wrung Forte, classe 3
303 write wrote written Forte, classe 1
304 zinc zincked / zinced zincked / zinced